The plan for Springfield
incorporated fifty acres and provided for a public
square, ten streets, and sixty-six lots to be
sold to the public at the price of eight dollars
each. The first courthouse was built of hand-hewn logs.
During the Civil War, Robertson
County men enlisted in the armed forces of the
Confederacy and fought at many major battles.
Springfield and Robertson County, however, were
occupied by Union forces early in the war and
remained so until the end of the conflict. The
First Presbyterian Church sanctuary was used as
a stable by Union cavalry and horseshoe gouges
can still be seen today on the original sanctuary
Springfield has served for
nearly two centuries as a commercial center for
the large agricultural region that surrounds it.
The soil and climate of the region are ideally
suited to the cultivation of dark-fired tobacco
and the plant has had a major economic, social
and cultural influence on Springfield and Robertson
County since the early 19th century. Robertson
County was the seventh largest tobacco producing
county in the United States by the year 1890 with
a total production of nearly 9,000,000 pounds,
and it still remains one of the nation's largest
tobacco producing counties to this day. Springfield
and Robertson County have become known as the
"Home of the World's Finest Dark Fired Tobacco".
In addition to being Tennessee's
leading tobacco growing county, Robertson County
is among the top five counties in the production
of wheat, corn, and hay. The county is ranked
among the top ten counties in the production of
soybeans and among the top twelve counties in
both beef cattle and dairy cattle.
The city's current population
is over 16,000 and is continuing to grow rapidly.
Located 30 miles to the north, Springfield is
just a 30 minute commute to downtown Nashville,
the state capital and "Music City U.S.A."
Interstate 24 runs through western Robertson County
and Interstate 65 runs north to south through
the eastern section of the county.
The newly renovated Robertson
County Courthouse is located on The Square, the
city's original downtown commercial district.
The Square, listed on the National Register of
Historic Places, is a charming community center
bordered by aesthetically pleasing older buildings,
most of which were constructed in the 19th century.
The Springfield-Robertson County Chamber of Commerce,
Robertson County Times, Robertson County History
Museum, specialty shops, restaurants and professional
office buildings are all on The Square. The primarily
residential Springfield Historic Preservation
District is adjacent to The Square. Many of the
community's larger and older churches sit within
a block or two of The Square.
Springfield is also home to the state of the art, 109 bed NorthCrest Medical Center and its medical office building campus; Highland Crest–College Campus; the Robertson County Family YMCA; the Gorham-MacBane
Public Library; the University of Tennessee Highland
Rim Research and Education Center; and The Legacy
golf course, a Raymond Floyd Signature Course
managed by Billy Casper Golf, one of the best
public golf courses in Tennessee. Springfield
is also proud to be served by the Springfield-Robertson
County Municipal Airport which has earned a state-wide
reputation as a quality general aviation facility.
Since 1990 the city has
operated under the Council/Manager form of government,
with the City Manager overseeing the daily operation
of the government. The City Manager reports to
a seven member, popularly elected Board of Mayor
and Aldermen. Each member of the Board of Mayor
and Aldermen is elected to a four-year term of
office. The Mayor is elected at-large and each
Alderman is elected to represent one of six wards.
The City of Springfield
is a full-service city that provides all of the
basic municipal government services to its citizens
and operates its own electric and natural gas
distribution systems, water and wastewater systems,
and sanitation pick-up for residential and small
commercial customers. The city also provides water
and natural gas service to portions of Robertson
Springfield also serves as the major manufacturing center for Robertson County. The largest industry located here is Electrolux Home Products which employs 3,200 persons to produce electric and gas ranges. Martinrea Fabco, a manufacturer of automotive stampings, is the second largest industrial employer with 375 employees. The largest manufacturing employers include Unarco Material Handling, a producer of steel storage racks, employing 300 persons; Johnson Electric, a producer of automotive actuators, employing a workforce of 215; International Automotive Components, a maker of automobile noise control products, employing 175 persons; and Owens Corning, a producer of appliance insulation, with 140 employees.